Market Studies
Repeatered Submarine Fiber Optic Cable Systems

Published: April 1999

$2995 - Print copy


The “Repeatered Submarine Fiber Optic Cable Systems” report is an update of a previous study. At that time, only one dozen undersea fiber optic cable systems had been identified. IGIC estimates the total invested through 1998 to be $14 billion, going to over $50 billion by the year 2004. It includes not only the transoceanic systems but also regional and national systems.

The dramatic growth of submarine fiber optic systems has been due to four major factors:

1. Internet
2. Increase in international traffic
3. Deregulation, competition and changes in industry structure
4. New technology

Each of these are described in detail in the report, together with other information that provides a comprehensive and up-to-date picture of the submarine fiber optic market. The reports contain the most complete list of systems showing the location, length, landing points, owners, speed, suppliers, installers and users.

The original transoceanic cables and those previously planned presented limited opportunity for suppliers, entrepreneurs and new carriers. But as the market shifts away from long haul transoceanic systems, new opportunities are developing in regional, national and specialized systems such as offshore platforms, unmanned undersea vehicles and sensor systems.

Who will benefit from this report

This report should be of interest to a broad range of telecommunications owners, users and suppliers in the field, such as:

• Telephone administrators
• International carriers
• Private carriers
• Equipment manufacturers
• Systems integrators
• Component suppliers
• Endusers
• Investors
• Government regulators
• Consultants

Table of Contents

1. International Telecommunication Traffic Growth
1.1. International Traffic Directions
1.2. Drivers Of International Telecommunication Growth - Part I: Voice Traffic
1.2.1. Imts
1.2.2. Fax

2. Reasons For Growth
2.1. The Internet
2.2. Deregulation, Privatization And Liberalization
2.3. Changing Roles For Carriers
2.4. Cost Reductions

3. The Internet
3.1. Internet Growth
3.2. Driver Of International Telecommunication Growth - Part Ii: Data Traffic
3.2.1. Electronic Commerce
3.2.2. E-mail
3.2.3. On-line Information Services
3.2.4. Other Data Applications
3.2.5. Video Transmission
3.3. Driver Of International Telecommunication Growth - Part Iii: Voip
3.4. How Long Will Growth Be Sustained?

4. Technology
4.1. Cable Capacity
4.2. Network Configurations
4.3. Fiber Optics Versus Satellites
4.4. Repeatered And Unrepeatered Systems

5. New Market Opportunities
5.1. Market Potential For Carriers
5.2. Market Potential For Suppliers
5.3. Market Potential For Installation, Maintenance And Repair Companies
5.4. Worldwide Opportunities
5.4.1. The Us
5.4.2. Asia
5.4.3. The Americas
5.4.4. Europe
5.4.5. Africa
5.4.6. Oceania
5.4.7. Regional Comparisons

6. Worldwide Repeatered Systems

7. Inter-regional Systems
7.1. Inter-regional Systems: A New Trend
7.2. Existing And Planned Inter-regional Systems
7.3. Description Of Inter-regional Systems
7.3.1. Flag - Fiber-optic Link Around The Globe
7.3.2. Oxygen
7.3.3. Safe (South Africa - Far East)
7.3.4. Sea-me-we (South East Asia - Middle East - Western Europe)

8. Atlantic Systems
8.1. Regional Context
8.2. Existing And Planned Systems In The Atlantic
8.2.1. Existing Systems In The Atlantic
8.2.2. Planned Systems For The Atlantic Basin
8.3. Description Of Main Systems In The Atlantic
8.3.1. Atlantic Crossing - Ac-1
8.3.2. Atlantis
8.3.3. Cantat-3 (Canada Transatlantic-3)
8.3.4. Columbus
8.3.5. Gemini
8.3.6. Mid-atlantic Crossing - Mac
8.3.7. Maya
8.3.8. Sat (South-atlantic)
8.3.9. Trans Atlantic Telephone - Tat
8.3.10. Other Systems In The Atlantic Region

9. Pacific Systems
9.1. Regional Context
9.2. Existing And Planned Systems In The Pacific
9.2.1. Existing Systems In The Pacific Basin
9.2.2. Planned Systems For The Pacific Basin
9.3. Description Of Main Systems In The Pacific
9.3.1. Alaska United
9.3.2. China-us
9.3.3. Guam-philippines (G-p)
9.3.4. Japan-us Cable Network
9.3.5. Northstar
9.3.6. Pacific Crossing (Pc-1)
9.3.7. Southern Cross
9.3.8. Trans Pacific - Tpc
9.3.9. Other Pacific Basin Systems

10. Far East Systems
10.1. Regional Context
10.2. Existing And Planned Systems In The Far East
10.2.1. Existing Systems In The Far East
10.2.2. Planned Systems For The Far East
10.3. Description Of Main Systems In The Far East
10.3.1. Regional Systems
10.3.2. Country-to-country Systems
10.3.3. Domestic Systems In The Far East China And Hong Kong Japan Indonesia Malaysia The Philippines Thailand Taiwan

11. Caribbean Systems
11.1. Regional Context
11.2. Existing And Planned Systems In The Caribbean
11.3. Description Of Main Systems In The Caribbean

12. South-american Systems
12.1. Regional Context
12.2. Existing And Planned Systems South America
12.3. Description Of Main Systems In South America
12.3.1. Americas
12.3.2. Pan-american Crossing (Pac)
12.3.3. Other Systems In South America

13. African And Middle East Systems
13.1. Regional Context
13.2. Existing And Planned Systems In Africa And The Middle East
13.3. Description Of Main Systems In Africa And The Middle East
13.3.1. Africa One
13.3.2. Fog (Fiber Optic Golf)

14. Europe
14.1. Regional Context
14.2. Existing And Planned Systems In Europe
14.3. Description Of Main Systems In Europe
14.3.1. The Mediterranean Basin
14.3.2. The Black Sea
14.3.3. Scandinavia, The Baltic Region, The North Sea And The Channel

15. Carriers
15.1. Ptts And Alliances
15.1.1. At&T
15.1.2. C&W
15.1.3. Concert
15.1.4. Global One
15.1.5. Hongkong Tel
15.1.6. Mciworldcom
15.1.7. Singtel
15.1.8. Sprint
15.1.9. Telstra
15.1.10. Worldpartners
15.2. New Generation Carriers
15.2.1. Ctr
15.2.2. Flag Telecom Ltd.
15.2.3. Global Crossing
15.2.4. Level 3 Communications
15.2.5. Pacific Gateway Exchange (Pge)
15.2.6. World Net Communications Inc.

16. Suppliers Of Systems (typical)
16.1. Alcatel Ns
16.2. Kdd Submarine Cable Systems (Kdd-scs)
16.3. Pirelli
16.4. Simplex Technologies Inc. (Simplex)
16.5. Tssl (Tyco Submarine Systems Ltd.)

17. Suppliers Of Sub-systems And Components(typical)
17.1. Corning
17.2. Alcatel Usa (And Dsc)
17.3. Ericsson
17.4. Fibercore
17.5. Fujistsu
17.6. Lucent Technologies
17.7. Nec
17.8. Ntt - Submarine Cable Engineering Center
17.9. Siemens
17.10. Spectran
17.11. Others

18. Installers And Maintenance Companies(typical)
18.1. Cable &Wireless Marine (C&W Marine)
18.2. General Offshore
18.3. International Cableship Pte Ltd
18.4. Kdd-scs
18.5. Simplex Technologies
18.6. Sb Submarine Systems Ltd. (Sbss)
18.7. Tssl