Market Studies

Plastic Optical Fiber
Market & Technology
Assessment Study - 2011 Edition


Release: April 14, 2011


Overview
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Overview:

The plastic optical fiber (POF) data business is going through a period of extraordinary growth driven by the automotive manufacturers in Europe and by new technology development. Industrial controls and medical applications continue to be the bedrock of the industry, and they, too, are experiencing healthy growth. Unlike the telecommunications field, the POF business covers many industries and is not as vulnerable to industry downturns.

New technological developments in sources, connectors, and fibers are expanding the bandwidth-distance limits of POF into new applications. After many years of playing second fiddle to the glass optical fiber business, POF is now starting to get the recognition it deserves. Some are even saying that POF could be a disruptive technology.

Over the last year, there has been a dramatic increase in the GI-POF technology and its availability in the market. This has resulted in increased interest by component suppliers and end users. The market for short, high-speed optical links is experiencing extraordinary growth. These links are less than 100 meters, with speeds up to 20Gbps.


Table of Contents



Foreword

Table of Contents

E.0 Executive Summary

E.1.0 Introduction
E.2.0 Markets
E.2.1 Automobiles
E.2.2 Consumer Electronics
E.2.3 Industrial Controls
E.2.4 Interconnection
E.2.5 Home Networks
E.2.6 Medical
E.2.7 Homeland Security
E.3.0 POF as a Disruptive Technology
E.4.0 Market Forecasts
E.5.0 Technology
E.5.1 Fiber Loss Trends
E.5.2 Bandwidth Trends
E.5.3 Step Index (SI) and Graded Index (GI) PMMA
E.5.4 Perfluorinated Graded Index POF (PF GI-POF)
E.5.5 Other POF Technologies
E.6.0 POF Associations and Interest Groups Trends
E.7.0 What are the Major Impediments to Further Developments in the POF Industry?
E.8.0 Some POF developments in 2007/2008
E.9.0 Opportunities

1.0 Introduction

2.0 Why POF?

2.1 Ease of connectorization
2.2 Durability
2.3 Large diameter
2.4 Lower Costs
2.5 Fiber Costs
2.6 Transmitters (Transceivers)
2.7 Space Division Multiplexing is Possible
2.8 Receivers
2.9 Connector Size
2.10 Test Equipment
2.11 Installation
2.12 Maintenance
2.13 Ease of Handling
2.14 Safety
2.15 Bandwidth
2.16 Developments of other types of fibers
2.17 Many markets are open to POF
2.18 Standards Situation is Improved
2.19 Growth Potential
2.20 Size Matters
2.21 PF GI-POF Takes Advantage of Low-cost Components Developed for GOF

3.0 Comparison Between Copper, GOF, and POF

3.1 An Installer’s View
3.1.1 Installation Issues
3.1.2 Testing
3.1.2.1 Do-it-yourself POF Kits

4.0 POF Historical Development and Organization

4.1 Historical Perspective
4.2 POF Organizations Worldwide
4.2.1 POF Developments in Japan
4.2.2 POF in the US
4.2.3 POF in Europe
4.2.3.1
France
4.2.3.2 Germany
4.2.3.3 European Commission
4.2.4 POF in Korea
4.2.5 POF in Japan
4.2.6 Others

5.0 Technical Characteristics of POF Fibers Systems

5.1 Basic Technical Components of Optical Fiber Systems
5.2 Types of Optical Fibers
5.2.1 Step Index Fibers
5.2.2 Multimode Graded Index Fiber (MMF)
5.2.3 Single-mode Fibers (SMF)
5.3 Plastic Optical Fibers
5.3.1 Materials used for POF
5.3.2 Attenuation
5.3.3 Perfluorinated POF
5.3.4.1 How Numerical Aperture of Fiber Affects Bandwidth
5.3.4.2 Methods to Increase Bandwidth
5.3.4.3 Increased Bandwidth Using Low-NA Source
5.3.5 Graded Index PMMA POF (GI-POF)
5.3.6 Perflourinated (PF) Graded Index POF (GI-POF)
5.3.7 Partially Chlorinated GI-POF
5.3.8 High-temperature Plastic Optical Fibers
5.3.9 Photonic Crystal Microstructured Polymer Optical Fibers
5.3.9.1 Microstructured Polymer Fibers
5.3.10 Summary Performance of PMMA and PF-GI POF (SI and GI)
5.3.11 Environmental Effects on POF
5.3.12 Manufacturing Methods of POF
5.3.12.1 Extrusion
5.3.12.2 Preform Drawing
5.3.12.3 Manufacturing Graded Index PMMA POF
5.3.12.4 Manufacturing PF GI-PO
5.3.12.5 Continu ous Extrusion Process

6.Light Sources

6.1 LEDs
6.1.1 Low NA LED
6.1.2 Low NA LED Source Perspective for POF Data Link
6.1.3 Materials and Available LED Wavelengths
6.1.4 Gigabit Links Using LEDs
6.2 Resonant Cavity LEDs (RC-LEDs)
6.3 Laser Diodes
6.4 Vertical Cavity Surface Emitting Lasers (VCSELs)
6.4.1 Data Links Using Red VCSELS
6.4.2 Red VCSEL Transceivers for Gigabit Transmission over POF

7.0 Optical Connectors and Splicing7.1 Connectorization

7.1.1 POF Connector Requirements
7.1.2 ATM Forum
7.2 POF Connect Types
7.2.1 PN Connector
7.2.2 Small Multimedia Interface (SMI)
7.2.3 IDB-1394 POF Interface and Latch Connector for Automotive Use
7.2.4 Packard Hughes Interconnect
7.2.5 Optical Mini Jack
7.2.6 Panduit Poly-Jack — RJ-45 Type
7.2.7 MOST Automotive Connector and Header System
7.3 Splicing

8.0 Couplers

8.1 Optical Busses and Cross-connects

9.0 Switches

10.0 Integrated Optics

10.1 Planar Waveguides and Other Passive Devices

11.0 Lenses

11.1 Polymeric Lenses
11.2 High-efficiency Optical Concentrators for POF

12.0 Fiber Bragg Gratings

13.0 Optical Amplifiers

13.1 Keio University
13.2 Plastic Optical Fiber with Embedded Organic Semiconductors for Signal Amplification

14.0 Test Equipment

14.1 OTDRs

15.0 POF Systems - Ethernet Example

16.0 POF Hardware

17.0 Illustrative Examples of POF Data Communications Applications

17.1 Introduction
17.2 Range of Applications
17.3 Optocoupler Applications
17.4 Printed Circuit Board (PCB) Interconnects17.5 Digital Audio Interface
17.6 Avionic Data Links
17.6.1 Practical Experience in Military and Civilian Avionic Systems
17.6.2 McDonald Douglas
17.6.3 Boeing
17.6.4 Requirements for POF in Aircraft
17.7 Automotive Applications of POF
17.7.1 Automotive Harness Trends
17.7.2 Increase in Electronic Content
17.7.2.1 Different Data Busses in Automobiles
17.7.3 Automobile Standards
17.7.3.1 MOST Standard
17.7.3.2 1394 Automotive Working Group and IDB
17.8 Local Area Networks
17.8.1.1 POF vs. Glass Comparison
17.8.1.2 Operating Experience
17.8.2 Codenoll
17.8.3 Mitsubishi Rayon
17.8.4 NEC Corp. Ethernet
17.9 IEEE 1394 FireWire
17.9.1 Markets for 1394
17.9.2 Transmission Media
17.9.3 1394 as a Home Network
17.9.3.1 IEEE Costs
17.10 Tollbooth Applications
17.11 Factory Automation
17.12 Medical Applications
17.13 High Voltage Isolation
17.14 Home Networks
17.14.1 CEBus
17.15 Test Equipment
17.16 POF Sensors
17.17 Security (Tempest)
17.18 EMI/RFI
17.19 Hydraulic Lifts
17.20 Trains
17.21 Controller Area Network (CAN)
17.22 Point-of-sale Terminals
17.23 Robotics
17.24 Programmable Controllers (PLC)
17.25 Video Surveillance
17.26 High-speed Video
17.27 Home Video

18.0 POF Cost Comparisons

19.0 POF and Related Standards

19.1 What drives standards?
19.2 Trends in POF Standards
19.3 History of the Development of POF Standards
19.4 Present Standards that Include POF
19.4.1 Process Control
19.4.1.1Profibus
19.4.1.2 SERCOS (Serial Realtime Communication System)
19.4.1.3 Interbus
19.4.2 Automotive Standards
19.4.2.1 MOST
19.4.2.2 IDB-1394
19.4.2.3 ByteFlight
19.4.2.4 CEA Aftermarket
19.4.3 Computer Standards
19.4.3.1 ATM
19.4.3.2 IEEE-1394
19.4.3.3 Storage Area Networks
19.4.3.4 Supercomputers/Servers
19.4.3.5 Datacenters
19.4.4 Home Standards
19.4.4.1 CEBUS
19.4.4.2 ATM Forum Residential Broadband
19.4.4.3 IEEE-1394 Home Networking
19.4.5 Consumer Electronics
19.4.5.1 Active Optical Cables

20.0 Components and Testing

20.1 Introduction
20.2 IEC
20.3 VDI/VDE
20.4 Standards Summary

21.0 POF Components - Present Status

21.1 POF Fibers
21.1.1 Mitsubishi Rayon
21.1.2 Asahi Kasei
21.1.3 Toray Industries Inc.
21.1.4 Shenzhen Dashing Optoelectronic Technology Co. Ltd.
21.1.5 Asahi Glass
21.1.6 Nanoptics
21.1.7 OFS-Fitel (now Chromis Fiber Optics)
21.1.8 Redfern Polymer (Cactus Fiber) (Kiriama)
21.1.9 Nexans
21.1.10 Fuji Film
21.1.11 Luvantix
21.1.12 Optimedia
21.1.13 Jiang Daisheng Co. Ltd.
21.1.14 Seikisui Chemical Company

22.0 POF Suppliers22.1 POF Cables

22.2 Light Sources
22.2.1 Light Emitting Diodes (LEDs)
22.2.2 Resonant Cavity LEDs (RC-LEDs)
22.2.3 Laser Diodes
22.2.4 VCSEL
22.3 Photodiodes
22.4 Connectors
22.4.1 Connectorless Technologies
22.5 Couplers
22.6 Test Equipment
22.7 Splicing
22.8 Media Converters
22.9 Data Links
22.10 POF Networks
22.11 IPTV Equipment Providers
22.12 Other POF Passive Components
22.13 Other Active Components

23.0 POF Component Price Trends

23.1 Impact of the MOST Standard
23.2 POF Fiber Pricing
23.2.1 Step Index Fibers
23.2.2 Graded Index POF
23.3 Cables
23.4 Cable Assemblies
23.5 POF Transmitters and Receivers
23.5.1 MOST Pricing
23.6 Conclusions for POF Data Components
23.7 Graded Index PMMA POF
23.8 Perfluorinated GI-POF
23.9 Conclusion on Fiber Pricing
23.10 Price targets for POF Components

24.0 Market Drivers

24.1 Technology
24.2 Standards
24.3 Market Needs
24.4 Government Funding
24.5 Education of End Users
24.6 Marketing Push
24.7 Lack of Major Player
24.8 Resistance to Change and Imbedded Infrastructure

25.0 POF Markets and Forecasts

25.1 Automotive Market
25.1.1 How Big is the Market?
25.2 Consumer Electronics Market and 1394
25.3 POF Industrial Controls Market25.4 Home Market and IPTV
25.4.1 Market Forecast
25.5 Interconnect Market
25.6 Medical Market
25.7 Total POF Market Potential

26.0 POF Activities in Various Countries

26.1 US
26.2 Plastic Optical Fiber Organization in Japan
26.3 POF in Europe
26.3.1 French Plastic Optical Fibre Club (FOP)
26.3.2 POF in Germany
26.3.3 POF in the UK
26.4 POF in Brazil
26.5 POF in Korea
26.6 Spain

27.0 Opportunities in the Emerging POF Business

27.1 Cables and Fiber
27.2 Connectors
27.3 Sources
27.4 Couplers
27.5 Test Equipment
27.6 Splicing
27.7 Hardware
27.8 Data Links
27.9 Distribution
27.10 Design and Engineering
27.11 Converters
27.12 Systems Suppliers

28.0 Strategies for Success in the POF Market
References