FTTP/ FTTN – The RBOC’s Advanced Access Architectures Equipment and Fiber Requirements

Market Studies

1394 Market and Technology Study

FTTP/ FTTN – The RBOCs' Advanced Access Architectures Equipment and Fiber Requirements

Release : October 27, 2008

Overview | Features | TOC | TOF

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Information Gatekeepers has recognized the Advanced Access Architecture thrusts of the major US carriers as one of the most important events in telecommunications history. As such, IGI has been periodically issuing major reports on the FTTP/FTTN activities of the RBOCs since they began in 2003. Earlier this year we issued “Advanced Access Architectures — 2008 AT&T, Verizon, and Qwest Plans and Forecasts,” the most comprehensive of our reports on this subject. In recognition of the wide interest and deep importance of the FTTP/FTTN phenomena, we are now issuing a series of reports that focus on narrower aspects of Advanced Access Architectures. Specifically, this report focuses on the bandwidth needed in the access area and on ways to get that bandwidth. The report is a companion to:

The first report, “Advanced Access Architectures — 2008 ...” is a very comprehensive report on the subject. The others focus narrowly on particular aspects of the broader area. This report focuses on how much equipment and fiber is needed in the local loop in order to achieve the plans.

The emphasis in this report will be on quantifying the parts of the Advanced Access Architecture (AAA) effort. We will start by defining PONs and FTTN architectures; then we will provide statistical information (in terms of currently state plans and our forecasts) on AAA customers (both served and houses passed), move to equipment requirements (BPONs and GPONs, and FTTn — central office end and field end), and finish with estimates of the fiber cable needed. In all cases, the material in this report is completely consistent with the recently issued, much more comprehensive, “Advanced Access Architectures — 2008 — AT&T, Verizon, and Qwest Plans and Forecasts.” All forecasts are directly and concretely tied to the forecasts in the original work. In most cases, we will provide quantities based on our forecast and on the currently stated plans of the RBOCs, which are often a great deal different.

Report Features

  • Direct input from the major carriers —
    • AT&T
    • Verizon
    • Qwest

  • Analysis of each RBOC Plan —
    • Deployment plans
    • Locations of deployment
    • Estimated costs
    • Services
  • New forecasts —
    • For AAA served households
    • For AAAs passed households
    • For equipment and fiber needed for PON and for FTTN types of AAAs
    • For costs of the AAAs
    • For the overall market for high-speed services (XDSL, cable modems, and AAAs)
    • All forecasts are offered as comparisons to nominally stated plans of the RBOCs and the author’s projections of what will actually happen.
  • New Cost material —
    • Comparing the fiber required for the various types of AAAs
    • Comparing budget impacts for AAA deployment
    • Plant segment costs
    • Video costs

  • New material on bandwidth demand and sources —
    • Forecast of bandwidth required in the residence
    • Review of available bandwidth sources
    • Review of other available and advanced alternatives for generating more bandwidth

  • Discussion of next-generation PONS
    • WDM-PONs — Detailed discussion and listing of vendors and other activities
    • 10-GPONs — Detailed discussion of architecture, and current status

  • Discussion of the market drivers and the competitive situation

  • Review of over 50 major vendors in the area

  • Appendixes covering —
    • Equipment and fiber requirements for AAAs.
    • Access architectures
    • Approaches to video delivery — IPTV.

  • This report contains nearly 200 pages and is profusely illustrated with over 100 figures, charts, graphs, and drawings.

Table of Contents

Table of Contents

Table of Figures

The Lightwave Network Series of Reports

The Lightwave Network

The Lightwave Series of Reports

General Reports on the Network

General Market Reports

Specific Systems Reports


What Are PONs?

The PON Design

Types of PONs




The PON in the First RFP


Forecasts of Deployment and Customers



Equipment Needed

PONs – OLTs, Splitters, ONUs

Equipment Requirements – PONS, OLTs, Splitters, ONUs – RBOC Plan



Total PONs – RBOC Plan

Equipment Requirements – PONS OLTs, Splitters, ONUs – IGI Forecast

BPONs – IGI Forecast

GPONs – IGI Forecast

Total PONs – IGI Forecast

Equipment for FTTN

FTTN Equipment Required – Plans

FTTN Equipment Required – Forecast

Fiber Needed

Fibers – Current RBOC Plans

Fibers – IGI Forecast RBOC Plans

Fibers Required – Summary and Comparison of Plans vs. Forecast

Vendors Listing

Summary of Vendors

Detailed Listing of Vendors

Acterna (acquired by JDSU)



Advanced Fibre Communications Inc. (AFCI) (Now Tellabs)


Alloptic Inc

Amino Technologies plc

AOC Technologies

Avanex Corporation






Entrisphere Inc. (Acquired by Ericsson)


Fiberxon (Now Source Photonics combined with Luminent)

Finisar Corporation

FlexLight Networks (Defunct)


Genone3 Technologies Inc.

Hitachi Communication Technologies Ltd.

Humax USA Inc.

Iamba Networks

JDS Uniphase

Kreatel Communications AB (Acquired by Motorola)

LG Electronics

LightComm Technology






Novera Optics (owned by Nortel / LG JV)


O-Net Communications Ltd

Oplink Communications, Inc.

Optiviva Inc.

Optical Solutions (Acquired by Calix)

Osaki Electric Co. Ltd.

Paceon (Mitsubishi)

Passavé (Acquired by PMC-Sierra)


Quantum Bridge Communications (Acquired by Motorola)

Salira Optical Network Systems

Scientific-Atlanta (Cisco)


Source Photonics (Combined with Fiberxon and Luminent)

Tandberg Ltd. (Ericsson)


Terawave (Acquired by Occam Networks)

Tut Systems (Acquired by Motorola)

Vinci Systems, Inc. (Acquired by Tellabs)

Worldwide Packets, Inc. (Acquired by Ciena)

Zhone Technologies



Table of Figures

Figure 1: Lightwave Network
Figure 2, PON Basic Arrangement
Figure 3, RFP PON – Central Office Portion
Figure 4, RFP PON – Outside Plant Portion
Figure 5, RFP PON Service Assignments
Figure 6, BPON/GPON Comparison
Figure 7, Typical GPON
Figure 8, Current Plans - Homes Passed -Cumulative
Figure 9, IGI Forecast for Homes Passed
Figure 10, Penetration Rates Forecast Vs. Plan
Figure 11, Forecast - Homes Served - Annual Additions
Figure 12, Forecast Homes Served – Cumulative
Figure 13, Forecast Homes Passed to Served
Figure 14, Forecast of Penetration Rates
Figure 15, Equipment and Cable Assumptions Used in the Report
Figure 16, Currently Planned PONs
Figure 17, Forecast for PON Implementation
Figure 18, Forecast Access Networks by Architecture
Figure 19, Verizon FiOS Architecture
Figure 20, Chart of Equipment Requirements – BPONS – Plan
Figure 21, Chart of Equipment Requirements – GPONs – Plan
Figure 22, Chart of Equipment Requirements – all PONs – Plan
Figure 23, Chart of Equipment Requirements – BPONs – Forecast
Figure 24, Chart of Equipment Requirements – GPONs – Forecast
Figure 25, Chart of Equipment Requirements – All PONs – Forecast
Figure 26, AT&T FTTN Architecture
Figure 27, Equipment Requirements - FTTN Plans
Figure 28, Equipment Requirements - FTTN Forecast
Figure 29, Fibers Needed Current Plans
Figure 30, Forecast Fiber Used By Technology
Figure 31, Comparison of Plan vs. Forecast for Fiber Strand Requirements
Figure 32, Summary of Vendors